This comprehensive adventure holiday aims to bring you the varied and very best of the Cusco region of Peru.
We fly first to the highland city of Cuzco (3,400m/11,155ft), the ideal setting for a two-day acclimatisation period.
Here there is time to visit lively local markets and Inca ruins before setting off on our mountain biking expedition.
Next, it’s mountain bikes and buses to the small town of Paucartambo, famous for its festival of the virgin of Carmen in mid July).
We continue to the sacred Inca spot of Tres Cruces (3,700m). From here we will see (weather permitting) the spectacle of sunrise over the jungle.
The final day of our bike trip takes us ever downwards to the jungle village of Atalaya (600m/1,969ft).
From here we travel by bus to the Manu Biosphere Reserve.
By boat and on foot, we spend the next five days exploring the virgin rainforest. There is so much flora and fauna – we might see giant otters, monkeys, giant anteaters and even the elusive jaguar.
We return to Cusco by bus, and prepare for our four-day (55km) Inca Trail trek to the mystical Inca city of Machu Picchu. We trek through dramatically-changing landscapes.
On the final day, we descend to the Sun Gate, where we are rewarded by the magical site of Machu Picchu.
We return to Cusco by train, and have a final day of relaxation before returning to Lima.
Read our blogs about the Inca Trail – a typical day, the meals you can expect, training tips and porter welfare.
This holiday can be adapted to your needs – contact us for more.
Three fantastic activities in one trip - bike, hike and explore the Amazon.
Swoop down from Cusco to the Amazon basin on an exhilarating bike ride.
Head deep into Manu National park, looking for wildlife in Peru's best-kept pristine rainforest.
Explore Cusco and the Sacred Valley while acclimatising.
Trek the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu and its famous ruins.
True adventure holiday highlighting the best of the Cusco area.
Thank you for organising such a splendid trip for us. Overall we were happy with how it turned out.
V. Harris, Tailor Made Peru
Join the tour in Lima.
We take an early flight from the Pacific coast to Cusco (3,400m/11,155ft).
Having checked in to our hotel, we have all day today and tomorrow to absorb the unique atmosphere of Peru’s historical capital, while adapting to the altitude.
Cusco’s past is a fusion of indigenous and colonial. This can be seen in the juxtaposition between perfectly interlocking Inca stonework and whitewashed Spanish-style streets.
Cusco is a great city to lose yourself in its labyrinthine alleyways and teeming markets.
Just outside the town, and accessible on foot, are some spectacular archaeological sites such as Sacsayhuaman, a monumental temple-fortress of pharaonic proportions made up of precisely fitting stones, some weighing upward of 200 tons!
Further afield, and easily reached by road, is the town of Pisac, with its fascinating produce and crafts market and citadel, featuring the most impressive Inca agricultural terraces in the area. In the evening folk bands frequent the lively ‘penas’ for which Cusco is renowned.
Early in the morning after breakfast we head down to the bike stores to get kitted out with our full suspension mountain bikes, helmets and gloves. We then head out of Cusco on a good tarmac road, downhill to Huambutio where we turn of the main road and take a beautiful rarely used road beside the Rio Urubamba.
With the support vehicle close at hand we can focus on taking in the great scenery.
We stop for a picnic before heading on for today’s goal, the town of Pisac. We look to arrive in time for its artisan market, perfect for picking up souvenirs or photographing a typical Andean market. We stay the night in a basic hostel in Pisac.
Distance: 54km/34 miles, ascent negligible, descent 400m/1,312ft.
From Pisac, we drive up into barren Altiplano to a pass at 4,100m/13,451ft, here we get out the bikes for a great descent to the small village of Paucartambo with spectacular views of the Andes.
There are a few optional singletrack trails available en-route for those with a little more mountain biking know-how. Following the ride, we hop back on the support vehicle for the drive to the edge of the Manu National Park and our campsite at Tres Cruces.
This is a campsite with spectacular views, the amazon jungle stretched out below you, it is famous for its’ sunrises and the strange phenomena where it appears as if multiple suns rise at dawn.
Distance: 45km/28 miles, ascent negligible, descent 1,200m/3,937ft.
Rising early and weather permitting, we enjoy a spectacular sunrise over the rainforest. At certain times of the year, the refracting sun rays bounce off the jungle below, creating a truly amazing spectacle.
Back on the bikes, we start with the fun 16km/10 miles ride along the final ridge of the Andes, before we drop off the edge of the Amazon basin for the descent into the amazing cloud forest.
We cycle downhill all day, with spectacular jungle views, hopefully glimpsing rare wildlife en route. Andean bears, pumas, various species of monkeys and hundreds of birds have all been sighted on this day.
We arrive at our campsite at the small jungle hamlet of San Pedro.
Distance: 64km/40 miles, ascent 160m/525ft, descent 2,700m/8,858ft.
Continuing on downhill, we enter the rainforest passing various small villages, where we can see how settlers try to eke out a living in this hostile environment.
Stopping for cold drinks and to cool off in pristine jungle streams, where possible, we end our ride at Atalaya the gateway to Manu. Here is where the tour ends and the guides wave goodbye as you settle into your lodge for the night, with Manu calling tomorrow.
Distance: 40km/25 miles, ascent 200m/656ft, descent 200m/656ft
Att the small village Atalaya at 650m/2,133ft, we change into a motorized canoe to navigate some five hours down the turbulant Alto Madre de Dios River to Boca Manu.
After about two hours, we collect more people to join us for the rest of the tour. You spend the night at a small eco-lodge which is part of a project with the Yine indians.
We turn up the Manu River.
From our vantage point we will have great views of riverside birds, sunbathing caiman, and the enormous aquatic guinea pig, the capybara.
We reach our campsite deep inside Manu in the afternoon.
This will be our base for the next two days, during which time we will hike through virgin forest and explore by mini catamaran one of the most beautiful oxbow lakes in the Manu basin, Lake Salvador.
There is a chance to see a huge variety of colourful birds, numerous species of monkey and, with luck, a family of giant otters.
Today we take a five hour hike through the forest takes us to Lake Otorongo and a 20 metre-high observation platform that overlooks the lake.
At night we can explore the forest by torchlight or go moonlight caiman spotting on the lake.
After a final walk through the forest surrounding Lake Salvador, we return back down the Manu River.
Joining the Madre de Dios River we arrive at Blanquillo, near the clay lick for macaws, where we spend the night in the jungle lodge Tambo Blanquillo.
At first light we head to the macaw lick to watch the dazzling spectacle of hundreds of parakeets, parrots and macaws as they eat clay.
In the afternoon we visit another one of Manu´s beautiful oxbow lakes, Cocha Kamungo.
The night is spent comfortably at the Tambo Blanquillo jungle lodge.
Back on the boat early in the morning, we head downstream to the small mining village Boca Colorado. Here and in Mazuco later on, you can see the negative effects of certain human activities on the delicate ecological balance of the rainforest.
We take local transportation until the crossing at the Inambari River.
On the other side, our bus is waiting to take you over a newly paved road, through beautiful cloud and elfin forest.
Near Cusco, you have stunning views of the Ausangate Mountain. Cusco is reached in the early evening and we drop you off at your hotel.
Free day in Cusco.
We pick you up early from your hotel in Cusco. After picking up all other trekkers you travel by bus, via the highland villages of Chinchero, Urubamba and Ollantaytambo, for the three hour journey to the start of the Inca Trail.
From the road there are great views of the Cordillera Urubamba mountain range and the snow capped peak of Veronica 5,860m/19,226ft.
Most of our groups have up to 16 trekkers with one main English speaking guide and an assistant guide. Trekkers come from all over the world, and are of all ages.
At Chilca, where we start the trek, you walk down to the entrance, where your tickets are checked. Sign in, cross the bridge and make a left turn following the trail gently along the river bank until uphill we reach a eucalyptus grove and Llactapata – the first major ruins on the route. Vast retaining walls have converted the steeply sloping hillside into agricultural terraces: an amazing sight.
Just below Llactapata the Río Cusichaca, a tributary of the Urubamba, takes a spectacular plunge into the ground and runs through a subterranean channel for some way. The trail climbs steeply out of the ruins over a low pass, and the hike up the valley begins.
After about an hour you’ll reach a bridge, putting you on the other side of the valley, and will continue on to the village of Huayllabamba (3,000m/9,843ft). You will reach it in a further half hour. By this time it is likely to be very hot and you will welcome the cold drinks at the village which makes its living out of Inca Trail hikers.
First night camp with basic facilities.
Distance: 11.1km/6.9 miles
Highest point: 2,912m/9,554ft
Starting altitude: 2,753m/9,032ft
Finishing altitude: 2,885m/9,466ft
Height gained: 398m/1,306ft
Height lost: 302m/991ft
At Huayllabamba the trail turns right (northwest) up the Llullucha valley. After walking steeply upwards for about 90 minutes you will drop down to a grassy clearing, popularly known as The Forks.
The path then enters woods – first scrub, then very beautiful cloud forest where the trees are hung with moss. These fairy-tale woods will help keep your mind off the fact that you are still going steeply uphill with no sign of respite.
Eventually, however, the trees become more stunted and you emerge into a meadow, Llulluchapampa. From The Forks to the meadow is about two hours. This is the last campsite before the pass, aptly named (if you are a female hiker) Abra de Huarmihuañusqa, ‘Dead Woman’s Pass’ (4,198m/13,773ft), which you can see ahead of you.
It will take you about another 90 minutes hours to climb to the top of the pass. This is the highest point on the trail, so take heart – if you survive this, you’ll survive the other passes. Take time to look around you. You should be able to pick out the circular ruins of Runkuracay ahead, just below the next pass.
The descent is steep but not difficult. Just follow the trail on the left side of the valley to the valley floor and the next designated campsite at Pacamayo (3,600m/11,811ft).
Nearby are some huts with basic toilets and sinks built by the INC.
Distance: 12.3km/7.7 miles
Highest point: 4,222m/13,852ft
Starting altitude: 2,885m/9,466ft
Finishing altitude: 3,603m/11,821ft
Height gained: 1,361m/4,465ft
Height lost: 613m/2,011ft
From the valley floor it will take you about an hour to reach the next set of Inca ruins. Runkuracay, a ruin not, perhaps, very impressive in itself, but occupying a commanding position overlooking the valley. They are at the end of a series of rock-hewn steps that at last give you a feeling that you are on the trail of the Incas.
From Runkuracay the path is clear over the second pass (Abra de Runkuracay, 4,000m/13,123ft) and, excitingly, much of the time you are on Inca steps. The descent down the steps is steep, so take care.
Just before the trail turns right, you’ll see the sign for Sayacmarca. These ruins lie about an hour from the top of the pass and the name, which means ‘the Inaccessible or Secret City’, is apt. You approach Sayacmarca up a superbly designed stone staircase. This is a diversion (the main trail continues its gradual descent to the right) but don’t let fatigue persuade you to miss it.
Like so many Inca ruins, no one really knows the purpose of Sayacmarca, but these are the visible facts: it was built on a precipice commanding a spacious view; there are no agricultural terraces so the complex could not have supported many inhabitants; ritual baths and an aqueduct run round the outside of the main wall; there are curious stone rings set in the wall by trapezoid openings. For us the mystery adds to the beauty, and it is beauty all the way from here – if you are fortunate with the weather.
The trail continues down to the valley floor. From here it becomes a glorious Inca Road, being on a raised causeway over marshy ground that then rises up through cloudforest. Stone paving on raised stone foundations, steps and a gentle gradient make for easy walking, and even if it is raining (and it does at times) you will marvel at the Inca workmanship.
Before the climb to the third pass there is a campsite with basic toilets. During the ascent you climb through two Inca tunnels, and if it is a clear day you will have the added bonus of a view of Salkantay over to your left. The pass (3,700m/12,139ft) is used as a campsite, but it gets crowded and water is some way below.
Just below the pass, about 2 hours from Sayacmarca, are the impressive ruins of Phuyupatamarca. Access is down a steep flight of stairs. Clear water runs through the channels cut into the rock that feed five baths, leading one from the other down the hill.
An Inca staircase leads from the west side of the ruins (the far end from the baths) and disappears into the jungle, leading you down a thousand steps. Literally. You’ll think that your knees will never feel the same again.
The trek comes out at the hostel nearby the ruins of Huiñay Huayna (Wiñay Wayna). This is the last camping spot before Machu Picchu and it is often very full. Basic camping facilities. There is a small restaurant serving a variety of cold drinks, alcoholic and non-alcoholic.This is also the last place to fill up with water before Machu Picchu itself.
Huiñay Huayna lies just below the hostel round to the right as you are descending, and is the most extensive of the ruins so far. It has some beautiful stonework, a fantastic location, and an air of mystery often lacking in the crowded Machu Picchu ruins.
Distance: 12.9km/8 miles
Highest point: 3,893m/12,772ft
Starting altitude: 3,603m/11,821ft
Finishing altitude: 2,732m/8,962ft
Height gained: 1,185m/3,888ft
Height lost: 1,345m/4,413ft
The trail from the hostel to Machu Picchu (90 minutes away) is clearly marked. Most people have a very early start as they try to leave Wiñay Wayna by 5.30am so they can get to Machu Picchu before sunrise.
The sky starts getting light by 6am and the first rays of the sun reach Machu Picchu around 7am. The trail contours a mountainside and disappears into cloud forest full of begonias, bromeliads and tree ferns, before coming to a steep flight of stairs leading up to the first Inca gate.
The path continues to the main gate, Intipunku – ‘the Gateway of the Sun’ – and suddenly the whole of Machu Picchu is spread out before you. A magical moment.
When we arrive there is plenty of time to take photos of Machu Picchu. We walk down through the site to the main entrance where you can safely leave your backpacks. You can also use the toilet and have a drink in the restaurant just outside the entrance.
We head back into the site for a complete tour of the major sectors of Machu Picchu. The tour takes about two hours so by about mid-morning you’ll be free to continue to explore the ruins alone.
There are many restaurants in Aguas Calientes to satisfy all tastes and budgets. Of course you could also visit the hot springs that Agues Calientes is named for, which will help ease those aching muscles.
Entrance to the springs costs US$4-5, and you should allow a couple of hours to fully enjoy them.
Distance: 7.9km/4.9 miles
Highest point: 2,739m/8,988ft
Starting altitude: 2,732m/8,962ft
Finishing altitude: 2,452m/8,046ft
Height gained: 311m/1,020ft
Height lost: 377m/1,237ft
We suggest that if you visit Machu Picchu today, that you take the bus down to Aguas Calientes at 15:30 at the latest (depending on your train departure time).
Buses depart every 15 minutes. Check with the guide for actual times. This leaves you plenty of time at the site or to do one of the other walks nearby.
The train back to Cusco leaves from Aguas Calientes, the nearest village to the ruins of Machu Picchu, at approximately 16:30 and you get back into Cusco for about 21:00, and we take you to your hotel.
Free day in Cusco with the chance for some low-energy shopping or more energetic white water rafting (optional) on the Urubamba river.
There are many options – ask us for more ideas and we’ll be glad to help out.
Today we fly down to Lima, the City of Kings. Tour ends Lima.
Prices From $5,807 / £4,924 per person
Enquire about booking
Meals and water while on biking and trekking expeditions as listed (B = Breakfast, L = Lunch, D = Dinner), all breakfasts elsewhere, transport as list, Inca Trail, accommodation as listed, camping equipment (tents, cutlery, dining tent etc), English-speaking guide, Inca Trail, Manu trip, biking.
International and domestic flights (we can look for prices), other meals and snacks and drinks, personal items/expenses, tips, insurance, optional excursions, sleeping bag.
In towns and cities we use 2-3* hotels (upgrades available at extra cost).
Biking and trekking: Two man, mountain tents. One night on the bike trip involves a basic, rustic lodge.
Amazon: Lodges with twin or double beds, and mosquito nets. Shared bathroom and showers. Or camping, with toilet tents.
Every night you will encounter clean and functional showers and toilets and a comfortable bed. Your environmental impact will be as low as possible by sharing showers and toilets and a limited use of electricity.
Day 8: Posada San Pedro. A small eco-lodge with double and triple rooms with comfortable beds and mosquito netting. There are shared hot water showers and toilets and a dining area. The lodge is located in lower cloud forest, at about 1,600m/5,250ft.
Day 9: Lodge – a nice eco-lodge with double rooms with beds and mosquito nets and shared showers and toilets. There are five rooms with private bathrooms, please ask for availability. The dining room has a small forest exhibition and the traditional “sapo” (frog) game of Cusco. It has an extensive trail system, taking you through 8 different habitats. The lodge has a bird list of 600 species.
Days 9-10: Camping Huts near Lake Salvador inside Manu’s Reserved Zone, the best protected area of Manu. These huts consist of little rustic huts raised from the forest floor. Each hut has two normal beds, and is surrounded by mosquito netting to keep the insects out, but assuring you can look out at Manu’s incredible rainforest at any time. There are shared showers and toilets and a dining area.
Days 11-12: You spend in Tambo Blanquillo. A tambo is a long platform with divisions to make private single, double or triple rooms. There are shared, hot, showers and toilets and a dining area. This lodge is located at about 10 minutes boat travel from the well-known Blanquillo macaw lick.
Biking: Local, bilingual, English-speaking guides with a passion for biking will lead you to their favourite destinations.
Trekking: All guides are certified, bilingual, English-speaking Inca Trail guides who have worked with us for many years.
Amazon: A mix of Cusco and Manu, English-speaking guides will lead you through the Amazon. Many of the boat captains and staff at the lodges/camps are from the indigenous Machiguenga community.
Almost all dietary requirements can be catered for – please contact us in advance. Treated water is available on all organised trips.
Biking and trekking: Breakfast is usually around 07.00. Your meals are prepared and served to you and will be a mix of hot drinks, cereals, fruits and toast with jams.
Lunch will be either sandwiches or meat and cheese, with snacks etc. Evening meals are usually pasta or rice dishes served in the dining tent.
Amazon: Not typical Peruvian food, nor typical tourist food! It is food that lasts in the heat and humidity of the tropical rainforest.
For breakfasts there are omelettes, scrambled eggs, pancakes etc.
Lunches in general consist of cold salads, since it is usually hot at that time of the day.
Dinners feature soups (great Peruvian soups!), a main course with meat for the first few days of the tour, then beans or lentils towards the end of the trip. Desserts of fresh fruits or puddings etc are served with dinner.
As well as much mineral water as you need, there are lemonades, coffee, tea, chocolate and herbal teas. En route, there are places where one can buy beer or soft drinks, but you have to pay for those yourself.
Biking: After breakfast, packs are prepared and your guide will explain the day’s walk/ride, and you typically walk/ride 3-4 hours in the morning before lunch, with a short or break or two en route. Most cycling is downhill on the bike ride. After an hour or so for lunch – depending on weather conditions – you will continue usually 3-4 hours more, although some days are shorter or longer than others, and then relax before dinner at camp. You may be asked to help out with the construction of tents, depending on group size.
Amazon: The Amazon is very hot between midday and early afternoon, so we rise early, between 0600 and 0700, to catch the animals at dawn when they are very active. Some trips, such as macaw lick, require an earlier start. We leave the lodge early, go on an activity, and then relax when the sun is at its hottest. As the day cools, we head off in the afternoon and in the evenings go on hikes or caiman spotting. Maximum walking time is 1-2 hours.
Trekking: Wake early, usually around 07.00, and, after eating and then packing your daypack, we set off walking, usually for a couple of hours at a time, with plenty of breaks to rest and explore ruins.
Lunch is usually around 13.00 and can feature soups, meats, salads and fish, with vegetarian options and hot drinks too. We aim to get to camp about 16.00 on most days, and your tent will be set up for you, although you may be asked to help out if conditions have been bad and the team needs help.
The campsites are comfortable and around 17.00 hot drinks, popcorn and other snacks are served to help you recover energy. Dinner is served around 19.30, and will feature pasta, mashed potatoes, meat, fish or vegetarian options, followed by hot drinks and a pudding.
Most people go to bed fairly early after a long day trekking, to recover energy for the morning. Campsites may vary from those indicated above as Inca Trail camping spots are assigned by the government.
Peru is the perfect holiday destination for adventure travellers that want an amazing variety of activity, geography and cultural travel experiences.
The breadth of travel experiences in Peru is breathtaking – from trekking in the Andes to Machu Picchu to the tropical jungle of the Amazon, and plenty in between.
The people of Peru make it a special destination too, with its colourful and traditional street life and friendly locals.
Peru is made up of 3 distinct geographical areas: the coast, the mountains and the jungle.
The costa or coastal region is a narrow ribbon of desert 2,250 km long, crossed by fertile river valleys flowing from the Andes. It takes up 11% of the country and holds more than 40% of the population.
The cold Humboldt current gives rise to a blanket of mist – the garua – which hangs above coastal cities like the capital Lima from May to November.
Heading east, you’re soon climbing above the garua and into the Andes. The sierra, or mountainous region, covers some 25% of Peru’s territory and contains 50% of the population. The sierra inhabitants are mainly Indigenous or Mestizo, and many still speak Quechua or Aymara.
The sierra contains dozens of 6,000-metre snow peaks and volcanoes, including Huascaran (6,768m) the highest mountain in the tropics. The deep valley basins contain most of the towns and arable land; the terracing and canal systems of the Incas and pre-Incas are often still used today.
The eastern Andes are heavily forested up to 3,350m and sweep down into the Amazon Basin.
Peru’s selva or jungle makes up almost two thirds of the country’s area, but holds only about 6% of the population: the only towns with significant populations are Iquitos and Pucallpa.
You can also read about the weather of Peru in our blog.
Peru is located in the southern tropics (latitudes 0º to 18º), but climate varies significantly according to season, altitude and region.
Lima & the coast
From May to October, Lima is often overcast, but with minimal precipitation. There are sunny spells, and it’s a fresh to pleasant 13-20ºC.
At the same time, inland areas and the north coast mid to high 20’s ºC.
November to April is generally warm and sunny and Lima enjoys warm temperature of 19-25ºC, with the coast averaging 22-30ºC.
Climate depends largely on altitude. As a rule of thumb, below 2,000m climate is mild and above 2,000m warm clothing is required for evenings, nights and early mornings.
The Andean sun is very strong.
May to Oct (dry season in The Andes)
Cusco (3,300m): Average max/min temps: 22ºC /2ºC. Average 3 or 4 wet days per month.
Arequipa (2,380m): Average max/min temps: 26ºC /9ºC. Sunny more than 340 days/year with minimal precipitation.
On highland treks: Conditions are generally dry. However, at this time of year, expect a range of conditions within a single day: cold/freezing nights at camps above 4,000m, where pre-dawn temperatures can be -5ºC; warm, spring-like mornings and afternoons; and cold evenings.
Note that mountain weather can be fickle and localised, and that precipitation is not unknown in the dry season. Expect temperatures to swing between sun and shade, sheltered and exposed ground and with altitude gain and loss. A quick-setting sun means temperatures drop fast.
In the cloud forest, e.g. around Machu Picchu, daytime conditions are generally warm or hot, and evenings cool.
Nov to March/April (wet season in The Andes)
Cusco: Average max/min temps: 23ºC /6ºC. Average 13 wet days per month.
Arequipa: Average max/min temps: 25ºC /14ºC.
On highland treks: Wetter conditions, with cooler days and milder nights than dry season. Jan-Mar usually the wettest months.
The Amazon rainforest
Year-round, weather conditions are hot and humid and there is always the risk of rain
There is a ‘dry season’ in Tambopata and Manu between May and October. The average daytime high temperature is between 25°C and 34°C and the average nighttime low is between 16°C and 22°C. Heavy downpours typically occur every few days.
Around 80% of annual average rainfall – approx 2,000 mm in Manu and Tambopata and 1,400 mm in Iquitos – occurs in the wet season Nov-April.
On rare occasions, between May and September, cold fronts from Argentina – ‘friajes’ – can sweep into southwest Amazonia and push temperatures down to 9° C. (Friajes usually last between 1 and 3 days).
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We will be experiencing all extremes of Peruvian climate as we travel through this trip.
In the mountains, during the day, hopefully it will be generally sunny enough for shorts and T-shirts though having a fleece and rain gear handy is advisable. It will get cold (as low as -5’C whilst camping) especially in the evenings so bring a warm fleece jacket, a good waterproof and some warm clothes including thermal underwear, gloves, scarf and woolly hat as well as one set of smarter clothes for Cusco.
In the cloud and rainforest we recommend you wear long-sleeved shirts and trousers to avoid the strong tropical sun and persistent sand flies. A good quality sleeping bag is essential for your enjoyment of the walking element of this trip.
Note that some items appear more than once on these lists.
Mountain bike (these can be rented, or bring your own), camel-bak, bike shorts, biking T-shirts (long sleeved), biking trousers, raincoat / rain trousers / poncho, after bike trousers & t-shirt – we provide a general toolkit on all trips, but please bring any specialist spare parts for your bike with you or SPD pedals etc)
When planning for the climatic conditions encountered in the High Andes, layering is the most practical and versatile clothing system. It’s worth remembering that our clothing keeps us warm by retaining and isolating the heat we ourselves create. To best maintain body heat, several layers of lightweight, warm and quick-drying clothing are far more efficient than one or two thick layers. Layers should have the following qualities: breathability (able to wick away the humidity produced by sweat), isolation (able to keep in the warm air our body produces), and impermeability (able to impede the passing of wind and water).
First (base) layer
This layer wicks the sweat away from our skin, thus helping keep the body dry and warm. To this end, synthetic fabrics such as polypropylene should be used.
These isloating layers should also be synthetic (e.g. the known polar linings such as polartec or windblock, which are light and insulate twice as well as wool). Very important layers for retaining body heat.
Outer layer / Shell
Finally, the vital layer which protects us from climatic adversities. A breathable, wind-proof and waterproof anorak, such as Goretex.
Give plenty of thought to kit selection, and try to keep weight down. Below is a more detailed guide.
2 pairs synthetic inner socks (e.g. polypropylene, thermastat, coolmax) and 2 pairs thick loop-stitch/wool socks for cold.
Trekking boots – should be well broken-in, waterproof and provide good ankle support.
Trainers/Sandals For city-wear, evenings at lower camps & river crossings.
Base layer leggings (1 pair).
Thick fleece leggings (or salopettes) (1 pair).
Goretex-type over-trousers (or salopettes) (1 pair).
Trekking trousers (2 pairs).
Shorts Wear sparingly in early stages at altitude, as sun burns.
Thermal base layer shirts (2).
Microfleece mid-layer shirt (1).
Shirt/T-shirt 1 or 2 for lower altitudes. Long-sleeved, collared shirt protects against sun.
Fleece jacket or similar (1).
Warm jacket (down or synthetic). For camp and upper slopes.
Waterproof Goretex-type jacket.
Swimming costume for hot springs
Head and neck
Broad-brimmed sunhat, essential.
Warm hat Fleece or wool. (N.B. Up to 30% of body heat can be lost through the head).
Sunglasses with UV filter
Scarf For cold.
Bandanna To protect neck from strong sun.
Light inner gloves, Warm gloves E.g. fleece, and outer waterproof gloves or mittens (1 pair) Mittens allow you to keep the fingers together, and better conserve heat (though they also make it difficult to perform certain tasks).
Daypack (At least 30 litres). Comfortable and with waterproof lining or cover.
Pair of telescopic trekking poles (optional)
Duffel bag or large rucksack for extra clothing, carried by horse or mule while you are trekking.
Sleeping bag, 4 season
Other expedition kit
Water bottle (2 litres approx).
Towel & wash-kit.
Wet Wipes/antiseptic hand-wash cream.
Sunscreen (factor 40+) and lip salve.
Head-lamp (Plus spare bulb and batteries).
Plastic bags ‘Zip-loc’ & tough bin liners.
Camera with spare film/memeory cards/batteries so you don’t run short.
Book or e-book, music player or other to help pass the time in the tent.
Binoculars & Spanish phrasebook.
All non-personal trekking and camping equipment is provided
Money belt, passport, U.S. dollars cash mixed-denomination notes undamaged and unmarked, Peruvian soles for local purchases, ATM cash card, inoculation certificates, personal & medical insurance certificates, notepaper and pen, spare glasses/lenses, smart clothes for nightlife, comfortable clothes for journeys, swim suit, personal toilet kit. Personal first aid kit to include: painkillers, plasters (band-aids), moleskin, anti-septic cream, after-bite, anti-diarrhoea tablets, throat lozenges, re-hydration salts & personal medication – we carry an extensive first aid kit & oxygen on all trips, but these are generally for emergencies only)
Andean Trails has two decades of experience of dealing with South America holidays.
We pay a fee to the CAA for every licensable passenger we book since we hold an Air Travel Organiser’s Licence granted by the Civil Aviation Authority. In the unlikely event of our insolvency, the CAA will ensure that you are not stranded abroad and will arrange to refund any money you have paid to us for an advance booking.
We also offer ATOL (Civil Aviation Authority) protected holidays to give our customers peace of mind when booking and travelling.
When you buy an ATOL protected air holiday package from Andean Trails Ltd you will receive a Confirmation Invoice from us confirming your arrangements and your protection under our Air Travel Organiser’s Licence number 6275.
You can read more about ATOL, who is covered and what protections you have if not ATOL-covered, on our ATOL page.
What is ATOL?
The CAA’s ATOL scheme offers protection to your money and your holiday if you book with us. Not everybody is covered (see ‘Who is covered?’ for more), as you must purchase an ‘air package holiday’ with Andean Trails to be protected.
And ‘air package holiday’ is defined as including a flight and some ground services (hotel, transfer, trek etc). This is also known as an ‘ATOL-protected holiday’.
Who is covered?
To be covered by ATOL, you must book a flight and some ground services with us and be from the UK. If you are from the UK and only book ground services and no flights, you are not covered by ATOL (see below for more on how non-ATOL clients are covered).
If you are outside the UK and buy flights with us, you will be ATOL protected IF any of the flights booked with Andean Trails touches/stops in the UK at any point during your holiday package booked with us.
If you buy your flights elsewhere, please check with that agent if you are ATOL protected. Be careful with online flight purchases and make sure you know what protection you have, if any, before paying for flights.
Not all holiday or travel services offered and sold by us will be protected by the ATOL scheme. Please ask us to confirm what protection may apply to your booking.
For land only holidays not involving any air travel, in accordance with “The Package Travel, Package Holidays and Package Tours Regulations 1992”, all UK passengers booking with Andean Trails Ltd. are fully protected for the initial deposit and subsequently the balance of all money paid to us, arising from cancellation or curtailment of travel arrangements due to the insolvency of Andean Trails.
I’m not ATOL covered, what protection do I have?
If you are not ATOL covered, any payments you make to us go to a Trust account.
We can only access this money once your tour has been completed, meaning that if anything happens to Andean Trails Limited while you are on holiday, then your money is secure and you can either complete the trip or be able to make it home.
If you pay for your holiday with a credit card, some offer payment protection – please check with your cardholder.
You also should have cancellation protection written into your insurance (which we recommend you have at the time of booking) in case you need to cancel.
Peru boasts in its Amazonian region a vast swathe of world-class tropical wilderness with several rain forest and cloud forest reserves which are home to an immense diversity of wildlife.
Accessible from Lima, Iquitos or Cusco, the Amazon jungle is just a short flight away.
In Peru’s southeast lies the extraordinary region comprising the Tambopata National Reserve and the Bahuaja Sonene and Manu National Parks, with the greatest animal and plant diversity anywhere in the world.
Whether you choose to base yourself at a comfortable lodge or enjoy a more demanding camping trip, you can be sure of a unique, exhilarating and unforgettable experience.
The beautiful colonial city of Arequipa is replete with history and culture, and is the gateway to the condors of Colca Canyon.
Nestled at 2,325m/7,627ft, the ‘white city’ sits at the foot of three tremendous volcanoes: El Misti (5,821m/19,098ft), Chachani (6,075m/19,930ft) and Pichu Pichu (5,542m/18,182ft).
Arequipa’s attractions include the Cathedral, Compañía de Jesús Church, Santa Catalina Convent and the Dama de Ampato (Juanita Mummy) Museum.
With a year-round spring climate and sunshine guaranteed for 300 days of the year, it is the perfect place to begin acclimatising before continuing upwards.
Nearby is the famous Colca Canyon. At hundred kilometres long, this incredible gorge is said to reach a maximum depth of 3,400m/11,155ft – twice that of the Grand Canyon.
An overnight tour to Colca gives you the chance to see the iconic, soaring condors of the canyon.
Cusco is the archaeological and cultural capital of South America.
The one-time centre of the vast Inca Empire is a bustling highland city with bags of character.
Its whitewashed streets and plazas feature a fascinating blend of Inca and Spanish colonial stonework and offer endless possibilities for exploration.
You don’t have to venture far to find outstanding examples of high quality Inca architecture, including the monumental temple fortress of Sacsayhuaman.
There is also the fertile farming land of the Sacred Valley on the doorstep, with many Inca terraces, temples and fortresses, plus colourful local markets and small villages.
At night, Cusco offers an excellent array or restaurants and bars plus the continent’s best Andean folk music scene.
In the northeast of Peru lies Kuelap – the jewel in the massive archaeological crown of the Chachapoyas Cloud People.
The mystical structure of Kuelap – dubbed the Peru’s second Machu Picchu by locals – is 1,200 years old.
It features massive limestone walls towering 60 feet, pottery, bones and hundreds of mysterious round stone structures, and away from the crowds of other sites.
This is a remote area of sub-tropical valleys, half way down the eastern slopes of the Andes. The jungle is impenetrable, dense with low trees, bromeliads, bamboos, orchids and mosses.
Lake Titicaca, at around 4,000m/13,123ft above sea level, is a vast shimmering body of water on the Peru/Bolivia border.
It is the world’s highest navigable lake, set against a breathtaking background of towering ice-covered Andean mountain peaks.
The islands and shoreline of Lake Titicaca support many Indian communities, including the well known floating islands of Uros and the more remote islands of Taquile and Amantani. Here, traditions are strong and it appears time really does stand.
Agriculture, fishing, knitting and weaving are important to the islanders and by staying a day or two you gain just a small insights into this traditional way of life.
Islanders welcome tourists into their homes and this is a wonderful opportunity to experience island life.
Lima, the capital city of Peru, is a vibrant bustling place with a wide variety of things to do.
Stroll or bike around the historic centre, visiting the many museums or just chilling out in a café or restaurant in Miraflores.
In Parque Kennedy you can sit outside in Parisian fashion and watch the world go by in cafes and restaurants, or walk to the shore and the cliffs overlooking the Pacific Ocean.
There are a number of artisan shops & market stalls, plus a big silver jewellery trade, and a burgeoning number of top end restaurants with delicious food.
The centre of Lima is home to impressive Colonial architecture – Plaza de Armas has the Palace, official residence of the president, on one side, and on another is the Cathedral.
San Francisco Church, home of the Catacombs, is well worth a visit, as is the Inquisition museum.
Nothing says Peru quite the way Machu Picchu does.
The Lost City of the Incas, perches dramatically on a ridge-top 400 metres above the Urubamba river. The extensive site, with its many terraces, temples and palaces, is set amid a beautiful landscape of deep gorges and thickly forested mountains.
When Machu Picchu was rediscovered early in the 20th century and cleared of forest, it was found to be very well preserved. It has since presented archaeologists with many unanswered questions regarding the role it played in Inca times.
The sense of grandeur, whether you arrive on the Inca Trail or not, is impressive.
Try to arrive early at the site to enjoy it at its best – and late afternoon can often see you almost alone in the ruins.
North east of Lima, the Cordillera Blanca offers fantastic mountain scenery and some of the best trekking and climbing in the Andes.
The Cordillera Blanca boasts dozens of peaks over 6,000 metres, including Peru’s highest Huascaran at 6,768m/22,205ft above sea level.
The Blanca range also contains the world’s largest concentration of tropical glaciers.
This is an ideal destination for treks, from just a few to 12 days or so and also an ideal starting place for learning or improving mountaineering skills.
The nearby Huayhuash mountain range contains a dazzling array of snow peaks including seven summits above 6,000 metres.
This is a trekking paradise with breathtaking majestic panoramas and stunningly remote and picturesque camping spots. There is no better place to visit to get away from it all.
2023 price, per person, shared room basis
Based on minimum of two travellers
Departures all year round (Inca Trail closed February)
Shorter/longer stays possible
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Prices From $1,148 / £974 per person
Dates: From March 2024 to January 2025
Capacity: 16 people
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Prices From $3,220 / £2,731 per person
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Dates: From March 2023 to January 2024
Prices From $1,990 / £1,688 per person
Dates: From January 2023 to December 2023
Students Study Food Insecurity & Climate Change in Peru University of Edinburgh students and teachers report back from Peru, where they learned how traditional farming techniques could help prevent climate change and reduce food insecurity. The team visited coastal Lima, the Cusco Highlands, and the cloud forest. For Andean Trails and our local team, it was a chance to showcase a side of Peru that many visitors may not see when passing through. It went so well that the University has already signed up its team to another Food Security tour in the spring of 2024. Learning About …
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