Northern Peru tours are an explorer’s dream and this trip is no exception.

Head far from the crowds to some of north Peru’s hidden archaeological and cultural gems.

The holiday highlights for those seeking a little more from their travels come thick and fast, as we start with cultural visits before embarking on a true wilderness hike.

We visit sites of the Sican, Lambayeque and Moche cultures, the latter of which has been described as the Andean Greeks due to the level of art achieved in their metalwork and ceramics.

 

More on Northern Peru tours

We head to the Chachapoyas region of the Andes, a rugged terrain of deep canyons and the richest archaeological area in the world.

After a couple of days acclimatisation we start a trek in to the mountains, seeing various archeological sites on route to the magical site of Vira Vira – a Chachapoya site overlooking a round lake.

 

 

Vira Vira ruins

Vira Vira is a highlight on the trek. No other site – not even the world-famous nearby citadel of Kuelap – can match the sheer scale of mystery shrouding this summit city in the clouds.

En route, there are many highlights. You stay at the delightful town of Chachapoyas, gaze at Gocta Waterfall – the third highest in the world and only discovered in 2006 – explore Kuelap, see cliff-top mummies and pre-Inca ruins.

Vira Vira itself is quite the metropolis with more than 200 Chachapoya roundhouses enclosed by a defensive wall.



Trip Highlights

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  • Discover more about Sican, Lambayeque and Moche cultures.

  • Wilderness trek to Vira Vira ruins in the world's richest archaeological zones.

  • Enjoy the ancient hot springs of Cajamarca.

  • Kuelap ruins and the Gocta Waterfall complete this incredible north Peru tour.

We had the most fantastic trip – Peru is such a rich country in terms of natural beauty and diversity, ancient archaeological and anthropological history and culture.

D. Farnaby, Peru

Full Itinerary

Day 1: Arrive Chiclayo (AM), transfer in. PM: Tucume / Museum of Sican / Royal Tombs Museum, hotel (L)

You are met at Chiclayo airport and taken to the hotel. Then we drive out to the Pyramids of Tucume built by the Lambayeque culture and used by subsequent cultures.

Afterwards we drive through the network of roads that connect the sugarcane fields and arrive at the town of Ferrenafe and we will visit the Museum of Sican.

After lunch in Chiclayo we head to Lambayeque and the Royal Tombs Museum, which houses the stunning finds from Sipan – a site that has featured in National Geographic Magazine. The artefacts we see include, ceramics and exquisite copper, gold and silver work. Overnight in Hotel Sunec.

Day 2: Drive to Chachapoyas (10 hours), hotel (B,L,D)

Today we drive from the coast in to the Andes and the small city of Chachapoyas. We start by crossing the coastal strip to arrive at the foot hills of the Andes passing by irrigated and arid areas. We climb to a pass that marks the Continental Divide at 2,137m/7,011ft and enter a dry valley that leads down to the Marañon River, a major tributary of the Amazon.

Crossing the Marañon we enter the department of Amazonas and this is where we start heading south via the River Utcubamba Canyon. The stunning canyon leads us to Chachapoyas, a city at 2,335m/7,661ft and we spend the night at Casa Vieja.

Day 3: Gocta Waterfall Excursion, hotel (B,L)

Leaving early from the hotel we drive 1.5 hours to the village of Cocachimba where we start out trek to the waterfall of Gocta. The waterfall though known about for many years was only recently measured in 2006 and found to be the third highest in the world.

The trek goes along the side of a valley through sugar cane fields and into forest that is home to the yellow-tailed woolly monkey, mountain sloth and the magnificent cock-of-the-rock. With glimpses of the waterfall along the way we arrive at the base of the highest fall after 3 hours. Those brave enough may want a dip a in the pool at the base.

Return to Chachapoyas for the night Casa Vieja.

Day 4: Kuelap visit, drive to Lleymebamba, hotel (B,L,D)

To get the best opportunity for photography we leave the lodge early and drive for 1½ hours to Kuelap. The towering walls and hundreds of roundhouses capped by the cloud forest at 3,000m/9,900ft above sea level always amaze first time visitors.

We’ll explore the many ceremonial constructions, and brilliant layout as a group with plenty of opportunities to wander on you own.

We then return to Lleymebamba for the night.

Day 5: Leymebamba, trek Tajopampa, camp (B,L,D)

Driving further south up the Utucbamba valley we arrive at the village of Leymebamba. This is where are horses and support crew come from and we will leave our bags with them to load up while we visit the Mummy Museum of Leymebamba. This museum houses and displays 219 mummies and thousands of other artifacts found at a nearby tomb site in 1997 at Lake of the Condors.

After the visit we will drive further south into a forested gorge, with chances of seeing condor and golden-headed quetzals on the way. We will lunch on route and carry on by foot to Tajopampa where we camp for the night at 3,100m/10,171ft.

Day 6: Cliff tombs of La Petaca, Diablo Huasi, camp (B,L,D)

Towering over our campsite is the cliff of La Petaca. There are scores of cliff tombs jutting out from tiny ledges and under large overhangs. Also a prominent pictograph of Chachapoya warrior standing beside his victim. We get a good look at the site after breakfast and carry on up to another site called Diablo Huasi. This is another cliff tomb site and we get excellent views of the tombs.

A steep climb leads us to the Chachapoya site of Boveda, where we eat lunch. After lunch we pass by many old earthen terraces and reach an altitude of 3,640m/11,942ft. A grassy slope leads down to the San Miguel river and a climb gets us to our high campsite of Mal Paso at 3660m/12,008ft.

The camp is 20 minutes below a pass and can be quite cold at night.

Day 7: Papamarca, El Plomo Pass and Cabildo Pata, camp (B,L,D)

Gaining the pass (3,730m/12,238ft) we enjoy a gentle descent skirting a hillside covered in ancient earth terraces, which are part of the complex of Papamarca “Potato Town”.

We will go and get a closer look of this very large complex that occupies land on both sides of the Timbambo river. A steep climb takes us up to a rocky ridge (3,750m/12,303ft) overlooking the main valley and we get to appreciate the size of Papamarca. From there we make a gentle ascent to the top of El Plomo Pass (3,790m/12,435ft) and short distance below is where we stop for lunch.

In the afternoon we have a leisurely 1½hour walk to our campsite at Cabildo Pata. This campsite is named after the Chachapoya site close by situated on the same grassy moraine overlooking the village of Atuen and the Laguna Sierpe.

Day 8: Cabildo Pata, Ulila Pass and Las Quinuas Valley, camp (B,L,D)

We start by hiking down to Atuen, where we can see the remains of two Inka baths. Heading further south and up the Inka trail we pass by the Laguna Sierpe and see from a distance a pictograph.

We have lunch just above a section called Los Balcones and carry on along the obvious Inka trail to the Ulila Pass (4,100m/13,451ft). The descent into the Quinuas Valley is along the trail which in places is paved, sometimes rocky and other parts muddy. Our camp is at the start of a large pampa at 3,470m/11,385ft.

Day 9: Las Quinuas Valley to Lake Huayabamba, camp (B,L,D)

We head down the Quinuas Valley where a herd of alpacas live. The valley is U shaped with dramatic cliffs and mountains either side. Crossing over the Quinuas Stream we then head up towards the pass that leads over to the Huaybamba valley.

We eat lunch somewhere close to the pass and then start to the decent to our campsite. On the way down we see the small Lake Totora (Reed Lake) and a waterfall and beyond we see the lowest roundhouses of Vira Vira. Our camp is in a paddock at 3,340m/10,958ft and the Lake Huayabamba is 10 minutes beyond.

Day 10: Vira Vira tour, camp camp (B,L,D)

Today we explore the ruins of Vira Vira and with luck we may spot giant King condors as we absorb the magic of this forgotten settlement. The area was lifted from obscurity and introduced to explorers by Keith Muscutt, author of Chachapoyas: Warriors of the Clouds.

There is a fine map of Vira Vira that we take along that helps bring the site alive as we work our way to the summit platform. We make a circuit out of the ruin arriving at the lake.

In the afternoon rest or go fishing with the support staff.

We spend a second night at our Huayabamba camp.

Day 11: Lake Huayabamba to Uchucmarca, camp (B,L,D)

We climb over the pass (3,740m/12,270ft) by which we arrived and descend via the beautiful mountain lake of Las Quinuas where we eat lunch.

A little further down from the lake we rejoin the Inca road at Quinuas village. The trail is wide as it skirts its way along the side of the valley.

We pass by The Five Sisters, a buttress formation, and a little beyond we enter another valley and see our destination of Uchucmarca.

Dropping down to the stream we cross via a bridge and then a steep climb to get to the village itself.

Camp is on a football pitch in the village at 3,050m/10,007ft.

Day 12: Uchucmarca to Cajamarca, hotel (B,L)

Today a long drive through magnificent and varied scenery. We climb up to 3,900m/12,795ft then descend to the Marañon River, crossing it at Balsas at 850m.

The road climbs out on the western bank of the canyon to a height of 3,200m/10,499ft and we eat lunch with a super view of the canyon.

Beyond is the market town of Celendin. The drive from Celendin to Cajamarca takes three hours, passing over high rolling hills.

Our hotel is the Laguna Seca where every room has geothermic heated water ideal.

Day 13: City tour Cajamarca, farewell dinner, hotel (B,D)

We do a half day city tour of Cajamarca with plenty of time to enjoy the city on your own afterwards or the hotel.

In the evening we have a farewell dinner at a local restaurant.

Day 14: Transfer to airport, tour ends (B)

Transfer to the airport, end of services.


Prices From $2,587 / £2,194 per person

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What's Included?

Hotels in towns/cities as listed, 7 nights camping, private transport for all transfers and excursions, trek staff, horses for carrying gear etc, meals as per itinerary, English-speaking guides, entrances fees to Tucume, Royal Tombs Museum, Sican Museum, Kuelap, Gocta, Vira Vira and Tajopampa.

What's Not Included?

Any flights (we can look for these for you), tips, alcoholic or soft drinks, meals not listed, sleeping bag, internal airfares, airport taxes, personal expenses.


Accommodation

Hotels and camping.

We stay in a combination of high-end hotels, rustic lodges and tents depending on the trip and your preferences. Your accommodations are a reflection of the area and cultures we explore.

We have known and worked with the people and families who run the lodgings for several years now and their places are always clean, comfortable and very welcoming.

We’re big on interaction and so are our lodging partners, so don’t be surprised if you’re asked to stir a pot, or try a local herbal remedy.

Out on the trail we usually stay in tents for up to four days at a time. Your tents are Vango and have been developed and tested in the Highlands of Scotland before being shipped to the Andes.

The interior stays warm and comfortable even in the most torrential cloud forest downpour.

Tour Staff

All guides are certified, bilingual, English-speaking guides who have worked with us for many years.

Cooks, mule drivers and additional staff are all from the local, nearby communities and we have worked with them for a long time.


Meals

Almost all dietary requirements can be catered for – please ask us for more information.

Breakfasts at hotels will feature teas, coffees and juices to drink, plus cereals, fruit, eggs, toast and jams etc.

While out on trips, we either supply a packed lunch of sandwiches, snacks, soup, fruit etc, or we eat at a local restaurant. These are often buffet style with soups, rice, pasta, potatoes and then puddings/fruit.

Evenings are free for you to choose to eat in a local restaurant.

 

On treks

You wake early, usually around 07.00. Breakfast is served in a dining tent, and consists of hot drinks, porridge, toast, jams and bread, and your guide will explain the day’s trekking plans.

Lunch is usually around 13.00 and can feature soups, meats, salads and fish, with vegetarian options and hot drinks too.

The campsites are comfortable and around 17.00 hot drinks, popcorn and other snacks are served to help you recover energy.

Dinner is served around 19.30, and will feature pasta, mashed potatoes, meat, fish or vegetarian options, followed by hot drinks and a pudding.

Activity Level

We have classified this as a moderate trek, and you need to be in good physical shape for it.

You hike 4-7 hours a day on 6 consecutive days, over rugged mountain trails at elevation, and we are often between 3,500-4,200m/11,483ft-13,780ft.

Pre-trip preparation should include challenging cardiovascular exercise (including regular hikes on varied terrain) and a healthy, balanced diet.

Well-worn hiking boots highly recommended.

All guests are encouraged to hike at their own pace, taking breaks whenever needed, to ensure a successful and enjoyable trek for all.

Most people go to bed fairly early after a long day trekking, to recover energy for the morning.

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Practical Information

Introduction to Peru

Peru is the perfect holiday destination for adventure travellers that want an amazing variety of activity, geography and cultural travel experiences.

The breadth of travel experiences in Peru is breathtaking – from trekking in the Andes to Machu Picchu to the tropical jungle of the Amazon, and plenty in between.

The people of Peru make it a special destination too, with its colourful and traditional street life and friendly locals.

Geography of Peru

Peru is made up of 3 distinct geographical areas: the coast, the mountains and the jungle.

The costa or coastal region is a narrow ribbon of desert 2,250 km long, crossed by fertile river valleys flowing from the Andes. It takes up 11% of the country and holds more than 40% of the population.

The cold Humboldt current gives rise to a blanket of mist – the garua – which hangs above coastal cities like the capital Lima from May to November.

Heading east, you’re soon climbing above the garua and into the Andes. The sierra, or mountainous region, covers some 25% of Peru’s territory and contains 50% of the population. The sierra inhabitants are mainly Indigenous or Mestizo, and many still speak Quechua or Aymara.

The sierra contains dozens of 6,000-metre snow peaks and volcanoes, including Huascaran (6,768m) the highest mountain in the tropics. The deep valley basins contain most of the towns and arable land; the terracing and canal systems of the Incas and pre-Incas are often still used today.

The eastern Andes are heavily forested up to 3,350m and sweep down into the Amazon Basin.

Peru’s selva or jungle makes up almost two thirds of the country’s area, but holds only about 6% of the population: the only towns with significant populations are Iquitos and Pucallpa.

 

Weather in Peru

You can also read about the weather of Peru in our blog.

Peru is located in the southern tropics (latitudes 0º to 18º), but climate varies significantly according to season, altitude and region.

 

Lima & the coast

From May to October, Lima is often overcast, but with minimal precipitation. There are sunny spells, and it’s a fresh to pleasant 13-20ºC.

At the same time, inland  areas and the north coast mid to high 20’s ºC.

November to April is generally warm and sunny and Lima enjoys warm temperature of 19-25ºC, with the coast averaging 22-30ºC.

 

The Andes

Climate depends largely on altitude. As a rule of thumb, below 2,000m climate is mild and above 2,000m warm clothing is required for evenings, nights and early mornings.

The Andean sun is very strong.

 

May to Oct (dry season in The Andes)

Cusco (3,300m): Average max/min temps: 22ºC /2ºC. Average 3 or 4 wet days per month.

Arequipa (2,380m): Average max/min temps: 26ºC /9ºC. Sunny more than 340 days/year with minimal precipitation.

On highland treks: Conditions are generally dry. However, at this time of year, expect a range of conditions within a single day: cold/freezing nights at camps above 4,000m, where pre-dawn temperatures can be -5ºC; warm, spring-like mornings and afternoons; and cold evenings.

Note that mountain weather can be fickle and localised, and that precipitation is not unknown in the dry season. Expect temperatures to swing between sun and shade, sheltered and exposed ground and with altitude gain and loss. A quick-setting sun means temperatures drop fast.

In the cloud forest, e.g. around Machu Picchu, daytime conditions are generally warm or hot, and evenings cool.

 

Nov to March/April (wet season in The Andes)

Cusco: Average max/min temps: 23ºC /6ºC. Average 13 wet days per month.

Arequipa: Average max/min temps: 25ºC /14ºC.

On highland treks: Wetter conditions, with cooler days and milder nights than dry season. Jan-Mar usually the wettest months.

 

The Amazon rainforest

Year-round, weather conditions are hot and humid and there is always the risk of rain

There is a ‘dry season’ in Tambopata and Manu between May and October. The average daytime high temperature is between 25°C and 34°C and the average nighttime low is between 16°C and 22°C. Heavy downpours typically occur every few days.

Around 80% of annual average rainfall – approx 2,000 mm in Manu and Tambopata and 1,400 mm in Iquitos – occurs in the wet season Nov-April.

On rare occasions, between May and September, cold fronts from Argentina – ‘friajes’ – can sweep into southwest Amazonia and push temperatures down to 9° C. (Friajes usually last between 1 and 3 days).

Kit list

Good kit is vital for every trip.

Book with Andean Trails and get 15% off Páramo’s fantastic ethical and high performance outdoor gear.

 

Overview

When planning for the varied climatic conditions encountered, layering is the most practical and versatile clothing system.  It’s worth remembering that our clothing keeps us warm by retaining and isolating the heat we ourselves create.

To best maintain body heat, several layers of lightweight, warm and quick-drying clothing are far more efficient than one or two thick layers. Layers should have the following qualities:

 

  1. Breathability (able to wick away the humidity produced by sweat):
  2. Isolation (able to keep in the warm air our body produces); and
  3. Impermeability (able to impede the passing of wind and water).

 

First (base) layer: This layer wicks the sweat away from our skin, thus helping keep the body dry and warm. To this end, synthetic fabrics such as polypropylene should be used.

Mid layers: These isolating layers should also be synthetic (e.g. the known polar linings such as polartec or windblock, which are light and insulate twice as well as wool). Very important layers for retaining body heat.

Outer layer / shell: Finally, the vital layer which protects us from climatic adversities. A breathable, wind-proof and waterproof anorak, such as Goretex.

Give plenty of thought to kit selection, and try to keep weight down.

We also carry an extensive first aid kit & oxygen on all trips, but these are generally for emergencies only.

Below is a more detailed kit list.

 

Detailed kit list

  • 2 pairs synthetic inner socks (e.g. polypropylene, thermastat, coolmax) and 2 pairs thick loop-stitch/wool socks for cold.
  • Trekking boots – should be well broken-in, waterproof and provide good ankle support.
  • Trainers/sandals for city-wear, evenings at lower camps & river crossings.
  • Base layer leggings (1 pair).
  • Thick fleece leggings (or salopettes) (1 pair).
  • Goretex-type over-trousers (or salopettes) (1 pair).
  • Trekking trousers (2 pairs).
  • Shorts – wear sparingly in early stages at altitude, as sun burns.
  • Thermal base layer shirts (2).
  • Microfleece mid-layer shirt (1).
  • Shirt/t-shirt 1 or 2 for lower altitudes. Long-sleeved, collared shirt protects against sun
  • Fleece jacket or similar (1).
  • Warm jacket (down or synthetic). For camp and upper slopes.
  • Waterproof Goretex-type jacket.
  • Broad-brimmed sunhat, essential.
  • Warm hat, fleece or wool. (N.B. Up to 30% of body heat can be lost through the head).
  • Sunglasses with UV filter.
  • Scarf for cold.
  • Bandanna – to protect neck from strong sun.
  • Light inner gloves
  • Warm gloves, e.g. fleece, and outer waterproof gloves or mittens (1 pair)
  • Mittens allow you to keep the fingers together, and better conserve heat (though they also make it difficult to perform certain tasks).
  • Daypack (at least 30 litres). Comfortable and with waterproof lining or cover.
  • Large rucksack or suitcase.
  • Pair of telescopic trekking poles (can be rented).
  • Duffel bag or large rucksack for extra clothing, carried by horse/mule/porter while you are trekking.
  • Sleeping bag (3-4 season, can be rented).
  • Water bottle (2 litres approx.) & purification tablets.
  • Personal first-aid kit to include: painkillers, plasters (band-aids), moleskin, anti-biotic cream, general antibiotics (ask your GP), after-bite (tiger balm), anti-diarrhoea tablets, throat lozenges, re-hydration salts & personal medication.
  • Insect repellent.
  • Towel & wash-kit.
  • Wet Wipes/antiseptic hand-wash cream.
  • Toilet paper (1)
  • Sunscreen (factor 30+) and lip salve.
  • Head-lamp (plus spare bulb and batteries).
  • Penknife.
  • Travel alarm clock.
  • Plastic bags – ‘Zip-loc’ & tough bin liners.
  • Camera and film / memory cards (take at least twice the amount you think you will need!). Print & slide film is available locally. Polarising filter is recommended for SLR cameras.
  • Book, e-book, mp3 player/ipod or other for free time.
  • Binoculars.
  • Spanish/English phrasebook.
  • Extra snacks i.e. cereal bars or favourite chocolate bars.

All other non-personal trekking camping gear e.g. tents, cutlery etc is provided.

 

Miscellaneous others

  • Money belt.
  • Passport.
  • U.S. dollars cash, mixed-denomination notes, undamaged and unmarked.
  • ATM cash/credit card.
  • Any inoculation certificates.
  • Personal & medical insurance certificates.
  • Presents e.g. Postcards from home.
  • Comfortable clothes for travel, smart clothes for night life.

ATOL holiday protection

Andean Trails has two decades of experience of dealing with South America holidays.

We pay a fee to the CAA for every licensable passenger we book since we hold an Air Travel Organiser’s Licence granted by the Civil Aviation Authority. In the unlikely event of our insolvency, the CAA will ensure that you are not stranded abroad and will arrange to refund any money you have paid to us for an advance booking.

We also offer ATOL (Civil Aviation Authority) protected holidays to give our customers peace of mind when booking and travelling.

When you buy an ATOL protected air holiday package from Andean Trails Ltd you will receive a Confirmation Invoice from us confirming your arrangements and your protection under our Air Travel Organiser’s Licence number 6275.

You can read more about ATOL, who is covered and what protections you have if not ATOL-covered, on our ATOL page.

 

What is ATOL?

The CAA’s ATOL scheme offers protection to your money and your holiday if you book with us. Not everybody is covered (see ‘Who is covered?’ for more), as you must purchase an ‘air package holiday’ with Andean Trails to be protected.

And  ‘air package holiday’ is defined as including a flight and some ground services (hotel, transfer, trek etc). This is also known as an ‘ATOL-protected holiday’.

 

Who is covered?

To be covered by ATOL, you must book a flight and some ground services with us and be from the UK. If you are from the UK and only book ground services and no flights, you are not covered by ATOL (see below for more on how non-ATOL clients are covered).

If you are outside the UK and buy flights with us, you will be ATOL protected IF any of the flights booked with Andean Trails touches/stops in the UK at any point during your holiday package booked with us.

If you buy your flights elsewhere, please check with that agent if you are ATOL protected. Be careful with online flight purchases and make sure you know what protection you have, if any, before paying for flights.

Not all holiday or travel services offered and sold by us will be protected by the ATOL scheme. Please ask us to confirm what protection may apply to your booking.

For land only holidays not involving any air travel, in accordance with “The Package Travel, Package Holidays and Package Tours Regulations 1992”, all UK passengers booking with Andean Trails Ltd. are fully protected for the initial deposit and subsequently the balance of all money paid to us, arising from cancellation or curtailment of travel arrangements due to the insolvency of Andean Trails.

 

I’m not ATOL covered, what protection do I have?

If you are not ATOL covered, any payments you make to us go to a Trust account.

We can only access this money once your tour has been completed, meaning that if anything happens to Andean Trails Limited while you are on holiday, then your money is secure and you can either complete the trip or be able to make it home.

If you pay for your holiday with a credit card, some offer payment protection – please check with your cardholder.

You also should have cancellation protection written into your insurance (which we recommend you have at the time of booking) in case you need to cancel.


Peru’s Amazon Rainforest

Peru boasts in its Amazonian region a vast swathe of world-class tropical wilderness with several rain forest and cloud forest reserves which are home to an immense diversity of wildlife.

Accessible from Lima, Iquitos or Cusco, the Amazon jungle is just a short flight away.

In Peru’s southeast lies the extraordinary region comprising the Tambopata National Reserve and the Bahuaja Sonene and Manu National Parks, with the greatest animal and plant diversity anywhere in the world.

Whether you choose to base yourself at a comfortable lodge or enjoy a more demanding camping trip, you can be sure of a unique, exhilarating and unforgettable experience.

Arequipa & Colca Canyon, Peru

The beautiful colonial city of Arequipa is replete with history and culture, and is the gateway to the condors of Colca Canyon.

Nestled at 2,325m/7,627ft, the ‘white city’ sits at the foot of three tremendous volcanoes: El Misti (5,821m/19,098ft), Chachani (6,075m/19,930ft) and Pichu Pichu (5,542m/18,182ft).

Arequipa’s attractions include the Cathedral, Compañía de Jesús Church, Santa Catalina Convent and the Dama de Ampato (Juanita Mummy) Museum.

With a year-round spring climate and sunshine guaranteed for 300 days of the year, it is the perfect place to begin acclimatising before continuing upwards.

Nearby is the famous Colca Canyon. At hundred kilometres long, this incredible gorge  is said to reach a maximum depth of 3,400m/11,155ft – twice that of the Grand Canyon.

An overnight tour to Colca gives you the chance to see the iconic, soaring condors of the canyon.

Cusco, Peru

Cusco is the archaeological and cultural capital of South America.

The one-time centre of the vast Inca Empire is a bustling highland city with bags of character.

Its whitewashed streets and plazas feature a fascinating blend of Inca and Spanish colonial stonework and offer endless possibilities for exploration.

You don’t have to venture far to find outstanding examples of high quality Inca architecture, including the monumental temple fortress of Sacsayhuaman.

There is also the fertile farming land of the Sacred Valley on the doorstep,  with many Inca terraces, temples and fortresses, plus colourful local markets and small villages.

At night, Cusco offers an excellent array or restaurants and bars plus the continent’s best Andean folk music scene.

Kuelap, Peru

In the northeast of Peru lies Kuelap – the jewel in the massive archaeological crown of the Chachapoyas Cloud People.

The mystical structure of Kuelap – dubbed the Peru’s second Machu Picchu by locals – is 1,200 years old.

It features massive limestone walls towering 60 feet, pottery, bones and hundreds of mysterious round stone structures, and away from the crowds of other sites.

This is a remote area of sub-tropical valleys, half way down the eastern slopes of the Andes. The jungle is impenetrable, dense with low trees, bromeliads, bamboos, orchids and mosses.

Lake Titicaca, Peru

Lake Titicaca, at around 4,000m/13,123ft above sea level, is a vast shimmering body of water on the Peru/Bolivia border.

It is the world’s highest navigable lake, set against a breathtaking background of towering ice-covered Andean mountain peaks.

The islands and shoreline of Lake Titicaca support many Indian communities, including the well known floating islands of Uros and the more remote islands of Taquile and Amantani. Here, traditions are strong and it appears time really does stand.

Agriculture, fishing, knitting and weaving are important to the islanders and by staying a day or two you gain just a small insights into this traditional way of life.

Islanders welcome tourists into their homes and this is a wonderful opportunity to experience island life.

Lima, Peru

Lima, the capital city of Peru, is a vibrant bustling place with a wide variety of things to do.

Stroll or bike around the historic centre, visiting the many museums or just chilling out in a café or restaurant in Miraflores.

In Parque Kennedy you can sit outside in Parisian fashion and watch the world go by in cafes and restaurants, or walk to the shore and the cliffs overlooking the Pacific Ocean.

There are a number of artisan shops & market stalls, plus a big silver jewellery trade, and a burgeoning number of top end restaurants with delicious food.

The centre of Lima is home to impressive Colonial architecture – Plaza de Armas has the Palace, official residence of the president, on one side, and on another is the Cathedral.

San Francisco Church, home of the Catacombs, is well worth a visit, as is the Inquisition museum.

Machu Picchu, Peru

Nothing says Peru quite the way Machu Picchu does.

The Lost City of the Incas, perches dramatically on a ridge-top 400 metres above the Urubamba river. The extensive site, with its many terraces, temples and palaces, is set amid a beautiful landscape of deep gorges and thickly forested mountains.

When Machu Picchu was rediscovered early in the 20th century and cleared of forest, it was found to be very well preserved. It has since presented archaeologists with many unanswered questions regarding the role it played in Inca times.

The sense of grandeur, whether you arrive on the Inca Trail or not, is impressive.

Try to arrive early at the site to enjoy it at its best – and late afternoon can often see you almost alone in the ruins.

The Cordillera Blanca and Huayhuash, Peru

North east of Lima, the Cordillera Blanca offers fantastic mountain scenery and some of the best trekking and climbing in the Andes.

The Cordillera Blanca boasts dozens of peaks over 6,000 metres, including Peru’s highest Huascaran at 6,768m/22,205ft above sea level.

The Blanca range also contains the world’s largest concentration of tropical glaciers.

This is an ideal destination for treks, from just a few to 12 days or so and also an ideal starting place for learning or improving mountaineering skills.

The nearby Huayhuash mountain range contains a dazzling array of snow peaks including seven summits above 6,000 metres.

This is a trekking paradise with breathtaking majestic panoramas and stunningly remote and picturesque camping spots. There is no better place to visit to get away from it all.

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